2018年考研英语阅读积累:艾米莉•勃朗特 - 《呼啸山庄》17 更新日期:2018-02-12 编辑:爱语吧

对于英语阅读,除了真题,还应该通过阅读名著来提高自己的阅读速度和水平,那么接下来和小编一起来阅读名著《呼啸山庄》吧!

Chapter Five. Part 5

But the hour came, at last, that ended Mr. Earnshaw’s troubles on earth. He died quietly in his chair one October evening, seated by the fire-side. A high wind blustered round the house, and roared in the chimney: it sounded wild and stormy, yet it was not cold, and we were all together - I, a little removed from the hearth, busy at my knitting, and Joseph reading his Bible near the table (for the servants generally sat in the house then, after their work was done). Miss Cathy had been sick, and that made her still; she leant against her father’s knee, and Heathcliff was lying on the floor with his head in her lap. I remember the master, before he fell into a doze, stroking her bonny hair - it pleased him rarely to see her gentle - and saying, ’Why canst thou not always be a good lass, Cathy?’ And she turned her face up to his, and laughed, and answered, ’Why cannot you always be a good man, father?’ But as soon as she saw him vexed again, she kissed his hand, and said she would sing him to sleep. She began singing very low, till his fingers dropped from hers, and his head sank on his breast. Then I told her to hush, and not stir, for fear she should wake him. We all kept as mute as mice a full half-hour, and should have done so longer, only Joseph, having finished his chapter, got up and said that he must rouse the master for prayers and bed. He stepped forward, and called him by name, and touched his shoulder; but he would not move: so he took the candle and looked at him. I thought there was something wrong as he set down the light; and seizing the children each by an arm, whispered them to ’frame up- stairs, and make little din - they might pray alone that evening - he had something to do.’

【译文】

最终,结束恩肖先生所有尘世的恩怨的时候来了。一个十月的晚上,坐在火炉庞的椅子上,他静静闭上了眼睛。狂风围着屋子咆哮,在烟筒里怒号:听起来既野蛮又 暴躁。但并不怎么冷,我们大家聚在一起。我在离壁炉稍远的地方织着我的东西,约瑟夫则在桌子旁边读着《圣经》(因为工人做完活后,那个时候都会坐在屋 里)。凯西小姐病了,这让她安静下来。她靠在父亲的膝盖上,而希斯克利夫则枕着她的腿,躺在地上。我记得主人在打盹之前,抚摸着她的美丽的头发——看见她 文静的样子他很高兴——他说,“为什么你不能永远都做一个好姑娘呢,凯西?”她仰脸迎着他的父亲,笑着回答,“你为什么不能永远是一个好人呢,父亲?”但 是,一看见他又要动怒的样子,她说她可以唱歌给他听,知道他睡着。她开始轻轻的吟唱,直到他的手指从她的手中滑落,然后他的头搭拉到了胸前,我告诉她别出 声,也别吵,因为担心她会把他吵醒。我们像老鼠一样静静的待了整整半个小时,我们本应该再待久一点,只是约瑟夫已经读完了一章,站起来说他得让主人起来做 睡前祷告。他走向前去,叫他(老恩肖)的名字,并碰了碰他(老恩肖)的肩膀,但是他(老恩肖)一动不动。于是他拿起蜡烛去看他(老恩肖)。我想肯定是出什 么事情了,因为他放下蜡烛,抓住两个孩子的胳膊,轻声对他们说,“到楼上去,晚上不要弄出什么声音,他们可以自己祷告,而他还有事情要做。”

【单词、短语笔记】

on earth:究竟,到底

used with question words to convey surprise

【例】I wondered dully what on earth I ought to do about her bank books,for she had considerable sums of money in Seattle and in England.
对于她的存折,我茫然不知究竟该怎么办,因为她在西雅图和英格兰都有可观的存款。

Now, who on earth would think that he would sit and wait for his breakfast like this? Elation filled him.
现在,谁想得到他还能像这样坐在这儿等着吃早点?他越想越自鸣得意。

lie 躺着, 说谎, 位于,v.   谎言, 假象 n.

n.a statement that deviates from or perverts the truth

position or manner in which something is situated

v. be lying, be prostrate

文中出现的短语是lie on,意思是依靠,依赖; 压迫。

【例】He always leans on others for help.
他总是依赖别人的帮助。

【例】The petition was ordered to lie on the table.
该请愿书奉命暂搁一边,以后讨论。

【例】It is more comfortable to lie on a lawn than (to) sit in the office.
躺在草坪上比坐在办公室里舒服。

vex 使恼怒;使恼火;烦扰;使困惑 v.

cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations;

【例】His continuous chatter vexes me.
他唠叨不休,真烦死我了。

【例】What troubling wave can arrive to vex a spirit like water in a timeless well.
波澜誓不起,妾心井中水。

说到vex,小编又想到了经典电影《傲慢与偏见》,班纳特先生和夫人的一段对话给大家重现vex这个词的用法。原文如下:

"I desire you will do no such thing. Lizzy is not a bit better than the others; and I’m sure she is not half so handsome as Jane, nor half so good-humoured as Lydia. But you are always giving HER the preference. "

"They are all silly and ignorant like other girls," replied he, "but Lizzy has something more of a quickness than her sisters. "

"Mr. Bennet, how CAN you abuse your own children in such a way? You take delight in vexing me. You have no compassion on my poor nerves. "

看到这里大家应该都能想到班纳特夫人是什么表情了~

call sb. by name 叫某人的名字

这里有个很容易混淆的短语:call sb’s name. 这个的意思是起侮辱性绰号,骂人。所以在你想叫某人的名字的时候可千万不要漏下by这个介词哦,否则叫错了就会造成一定的麻烦哦~~

另外关于call,再引申2个句子:

【例】That was a close call.
太危险了/千钧一发。

【例】My nature’s calling.
我想去下卫生间。
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