About 40 percent of Americans think of themselves as shy, while only 20 percent say they have never suffered from shyness at some point in their lives. Shyness occurs when a person’s apprehensions are so great that they____1____his making an expected or desired social response.____2____of shyness can be as minor as____3____to make eye contact when speaking to someone, ____4____as major as avoiding conversations whenever possible.
“Shy people tend to be too ____5____with themselves,” said Jonathan Cheek, a psychologist, who is one of those at the forefront of current research on the topic. “____6____, for a smooth conversation, you need to pay attention to the other person’s cues____7____he is saying and doing. But the shy person is full of ____8____ about how he seems to the other person, and so he often____9____cues he should pick up. The result is an awkward lag in the conversation. Shy people need to stop focusing on____10____and switch their attention to the other person.”
____11____, shy people by and large have____12____social abilities than they think they do. _____13___Dr. Cheek videotaped shy people talking to ____14____, and then had raters evaluate how socially skilled the people were, he found that, in the____15____ of other people, the shy group had few____16____problems. But when he asked the shy people themselves____17____ they had done, they were unanimous in saying that they had been social flops.
“Shy people are their own____18____ critics,” Dr. Cheek said. ____19____he added, shy people feel they are being judged more____20____than they actually are, and overestimate how obvious their social anxiety is to others.
1. [A] prevent [B] inhibit [C] keep [D] motivate
2. [A] Symptoms [B] Signals [C] Highlights [D] Incidences
3. [A] succeeding [B] failing [C] acting [D] responding
4. [A] but [B] not [C] or [D] nor
5. [A] preoccupied [B] absorbed [C] engaged [D] indulged
6. [A] However [B] Then [C] For example [D] Instead
7. [A] that [B] which [C] what [D] how
8. [A] worries [B] feelings [C] emotions [D] indifferences
9. [A] follows [B] picks up [C] misses [D] catches
10.[A]the conversation [B] shyness [C] others [D] themselves
11. [A] Therefore [B] Nevertheless [C]On the contrary [D] Similarly
12. [A] worse [B] as good [C] better [D] best
13. [A] When [B] Since [C] While [D] As
14. [A] themselves [B] friends [C] strangers [D] others
15. [A] name [B] terms [C] ease [D] eyes
16. [A] oblivious [B] obvious [C] oblique [D] obscure
17. [A] what [B] whatever [C] how [D] however
18. [A] best [B] justice [C] fair [D] worst
19. [A] In particular [B] In contrast [C] In general [D] In comparison
20. [A] positively [B] negatively [C] subjectively [D] objectively