2013考研英语二真题完整版(文都版) 更新日期:2014-10-27 编辑:

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2013考研英语二真题完整版(文都版)

Section I Use of English


Directions:
Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

Given the advantages of electronic money, you might think that we would move quickly to the cashless society in which all payments are made electronically. __1__a true cashless society is probably not around the corner. Indeed, predictions have been ___2__ for two decades but have not yet come to fruition. For example, Business Week predicted in 1975 that electronic means of payment would soon "revolutionize the very __3__ of money itself," only to __4___ itself several years later. Why has the movement to a cashless society been so___5___ in coming?

Although electronic means of payment may be more efficient than a payments system based on paper, several factors work __6___ the disappearance of the paper system. First, it is very ___7__ to set up the computer, card reader, and telecommunications networks necessary to make electronic money the___8__ form of payment Second, paper checks have the advantage that they ___9___ receipts, something that many consumers are unwilling to __10__ . Third, the use of paper checks gives consumers several days of "float" - it takes several days __11___ a check is cashed and funds are __12___ from the issuer’s account, which means that the writer of the check can cam interest on the funds in the meantime. ___13__ electronic payments are immediate, they eliminate the float for the consumer.

Fourth, electronic means of payment may __14___ security and privacy concerns. We often hear media reports that an unauthorized hacker has been able to access a computer database and to alter information ___15___ there. The fact that this is not an __16___ occurrence means that dishonest persons might be able to access bank accounts in electronic payments systems and __17___ from someone else’s accounts. The __18__ of this type of fraud is no easy task, and a new field of computer science is developing to ___19___ security issues. A further concern is that the use of electronic means of payment leaves an electronic __20___ that contains a large amount of personal data. There are concerns that government, employers, and marketers might be able to access these data, thereby violating our privacy.

1. [A] However      [B] Moreover        [C] Therefore        [D] Otherwise


2. [A] off          [B] back            [C] over             [D] around


3. [A] power        [B] concept         [C] history          [D] role


4. [A] reward       [B] resist          [C] resume           [D] reverse


5. [A] silent       [B] sudden          [C] slow             [D] steady


6. [A] for          [B] against         [C]with              [D] on


7. [A] imaginative  [B] expensive       [C] sensitive        [D] productive


8. [A] similar      [B] original        [C] temporary        [D] dominant


9. [A] collect      [B] provide         [C] copy             [D] print


10. [A] give up     [B] take over       [C] bring back       [D] pass down


11. [A] before      [B] after           [C] since            [D] when


12. [A] kept        [B] borrowed        [C] released         [D] withdrawn


13. [A] Unless      [B] Until           [C] Because          [D] Though


14. [A] hide        [B] express         [C] raise            [D]ease


15. [A] analyzed    [B] shared          [C] stored           [D] displayed


16. [A] unsafe      [B] unnatural       [C] uncommon         [D] unclear


17. [A] steal       [B] choose          [C] benefit          [D] return


18. [A] consideration [B] prevention    [C] manipulation     [D] justification


19. [A] cope with   [B] fight against   [C] adapt to         [D] call for


20. [A] chunk       [B] chip            [C] path             [D] trail

 

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